The Opioid Treatment Program (OTP) provides opioid replacement therapy for individuals who are dependent on opioids like morphine, oxycodone and heroin. It offers individuals the chance to end their illicit or problematic use of opioids and minimize the harms that ensue from such use. They’ll then concentrate on improving their health and lifestyle and brace for eventually staying sober.
Opioids, generally referred to as narcotics, are a kind of drug. They include potent prescription pain relievers, like fentanyl, tramadol, hydrocodone and oxycodone. The contraband drug heroin, is additionally an opioid.
A health care provider could offer you a prescription opioid to minimize pain after you’ve had major surgery or injury. You may get them if you’ve got severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some health care providers suggest them for chronic pain.
Treatments for opioid misuse and addiction include:
- Counseling and behavioral therapies
- Hospital-based and residential treatment
- Medication-Assisted Therapy (MAT), which includes counselling, medicines and behavioral therapies. This offers a “whole patient” approach to treatment, which may increase your likelihood of a successful recovery.
Which Medicines Treat Opioid Misuse and Addiction?
The medicines used to treat opioid misuse and addiction are methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone.
Methadone and buprenorphine can decrease cravings and withdrawal symptoms. They function by targeting the same points on the brain as other opioids, however they don’t make you feel high. Some individuals worry that if they take buprenorphine or methadone, it means they’re replacing one addiction for something else. However it’s not; these medicines are a treatment. They restore balance to the components of the brain suffering from addiction. This enables your brain to heal while you work toward recovery.
There’s also a mixture drug that comprise of naloxone and buprenorphine. Naloxone is a drug to treat an opioid overdose. If you are taking it alongside buprenorphine, you may be less likely to misuse buprenorphine.
Naltrexone works unalike methadone and buprenorphine. It doesn’t help you with cravings or withdrawal symptoms. Instead, it takes away the high that you would usually get after you take opioids. Because of this, you’d take naltrexone to prevent a relapse, and not to try to get off opioids. You have to be off opioids for a minimum of 7-10 days before taking naltrexone, otherwise you may have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
You may safely take these medicines for months, years, or possibly a lifetime. If you wish to stop taking them, don’t do it by yourself. You should contact your health care provider, and discuss a plan for stopping.